Intercropping in coconut garden?Asked by: Miss Gladys Hamill
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The following crops are recommended as intercrops. Cereals: Rice, maize. Legumes and pulses: Groundnut, horse gram, cowpea. Tubers: Tapioca, sweet potato, yams, colocasia. Spices and condiments: Ginger, turmeric, chilly, pepper, nutmeg, cinnamon, clove.View full answer
Also asked, What can be planted between coconut trees?
The practice of growing biennial and perennial crops like banana, papaya, pineapple, arecanut, mango, jack fruit etc., along with coconut is prevalent in the holdings of small farmers. Attempts have also been made to grow rubber in between the grown up coconut palms.
Furthermore, What is example of intercropping?. The two examples of inter-cropping are chickpea with upland rice and sweet potato with corn. Explanation: The process by which multiple crops are grown in close proximity is the agricultural practice of inter-cropping.
One may also ask, Which crop is most suitable for intercropping?
Best Intercrop with Banana
Cassava/plantain combination is one of the most efficient cropping systems. The total returns were highest in banana intercropped with bhindi (lady's finger) followed by cluster bean lablab and the least in a pure crop of banana. This is one of the ideal crops to intercrop with banana.
What plants can you intercrop?
There are several ways to intercrop:
Insert narrow leaf vegetables such as onions and leeks between leafy vegetables like kale or lettuce. Taller, sun-loving plants can extend the growing season of beans, beets, chard, leeks, lettuce, peas, radishes and turnips.
There is no rule that says vegetables and flowers can't mix. In fact, the vegetable garden benefits greatly from the addition of some flowers and herbs. But it's not just aesthetics that make flowering plants welcome in the vegetable garden.
Crops that root deeply such as parsnips, carrots, and tomatoes can be intercropped with shallow vegetables such as broccoli, lettuce, and potatoes. Fast growing plants, like spinach, can be tucked in around slow maturing plants like corn.
- Mixed intercropping, as the name implies, is the most basic form in which the component crops are totally mixed in the available space.
- Row cropping involves the component crops arranged in alternate rows.
ROW INTERCROPPING is the growing of two or more crops at the same time with at least one crop planted in rows. In farms grown to perennial crops, annual crops like corn, rice and pineapple are commonly grown as intercrop between the rows of the main crop.
- -Row Intercropping.
- -Strip Intercropping.
- -Mixed Intercropping.
- -Relay Intercropping.
- #1- Greater Income, Greater Yield.
- #2- Insurance against Crop Damage.
- #3- Optimum Use of Soil.
- #4- Good for Primary Crops.
Intercropping can be defined as a multiple cropping system that two or more crops planted in a field during a growing season. ... Crops yield increases with intercropping due to higher growth rate, reduction of weeds, pests and diseases and more effective use of resources.
Mixed cropping is also known as inter-cropping, polyculture, or co-cultivation. It is a type of agriculture that requires planting two or more plants simultaneously in the same field, interdigitating the plants so that they grow together.
The application of sodium chloride (NaCl) or common table salt can effectively control this problem. Its addition to chlorine deficient 'Tugbok' soil (Typic Tropudalfs) planted to local tall, 'Laguna' coconut trees increased nut production, copra weight/nut, and copra yield/tree.
Nutrient Management :: Coconut. From 5th year onwards, apply 50 kg of FYM or compost or green manure. 1.3 kg urea (560 g N), 2.0 kg super phosphate (320 g P2O5) and 2.0 kg muriate of potash (1200 g K2O) in two equal splits during June – July and December – January.
In general square system of planting with a spacing of 7.5m x 7.5m is recommended for coconut. This will accommodate 177 palms per hectare. However, spacing of 7.5 to 10 m is practised in various coconut growing regions of the country.
- Intercropping is not always suited to a mechanised farming system.
- Time consuming: It requires more attention and thus increased intensive, expert management.
- There is reduced efficiency in planting, weeding and harvesting which may add to the labour costs of these operations.
An alternative field crop could be defined as an agronomic crop not usually grown in a geographic reason, selected for use due to potential high sale value or specialized benefit to the farming system. ...
Intercropping is growing two or more crops simultaneously in the same field in a definite pattern which avoids the competition between both the crops. The sowing time of crops in this pattern may be the same or different.
The ratio 1:2 is called the Land Equivalent Ratio (LER) in intercropping. It is the ratio of area which is under sole cropping to the ratio of area under intercropping which requires to give same amounts of yield in same conditions.
Advantages of mixed cropping: (i) The risk of total crop failure due to uncertain monsoon is reduced. (ii) Chances of pest infestation are greatly reduced. (iii) Fertility of the soil is improved by growing two crops simultaneously.
Carrots – Plant with beans, Brassicas, chives, leeks, lettuce, onions, peas, peppers, pole beans, radish, rosemary, sage, and tomatoes. Avoid planting with dill, parsnips, and potatoes. Generally speaking, it's a good idea to keep some space between root crops so they don't compete for available phosphorus.
- Dill: Dill produces compounds that are harmful to carrots and can stunt their growth and development.
- Fennel: Fennel is harmful to many plants. ...
- Parsnips: Though parsnips don't harm carrots directly, they are susceptible to the same diseases and pests as carrots.
- Basil. Basil and tomatoes are soulmates on and off the plate. ...
- Parsley. ...
- Garlic. ...
- Borage and squash. ...
- French marigolds and nasturtiums. ...
- Asparagus. ...
- Certain Bulbs. There are many kinds of flower bulbs that look almost identical to those of plants in the allium family, like garlic, onions, leeks, or scallions. ...
- Poisonous Flowers. ...
- Gladiolus. ...