Where did the cantus come from?Asked by: Maria Hartmann II
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Cantus firmus, Latin for fixed song, was first developed in the Medieval Period. Originally, it was a chant foundation above which another melody was composed. Gradually more melodies were added, the cantus firmus was ornamented with additional notes, and by the Renaissance, a very complex polyphony had evolved.View full answer
One may also ask, Is cantus firmus a chant?
Cantus Firmus, in literal translation “firm chant” is a fixed melody taken from plainsong (which later became known as Gregorian chant), that composers of the 14th through 17th century used as the basis of polyphonic composition, against which other tunes are set in counterpoint.
Likewise, How did organum developed?. Sometime during the ninth century, music theorists in the Church began experimenting with the idea of singing two melodic lines simultaneously at parallel intervals, usually at the fourth, fifth, or octave. The resulting hollow-sounding music was called organum and very slowly developed over the next hundred years.
Also to know, Who was the master of the motet during the Renaissance?
Josquin used the old cantus firmus style, but he also developed the motet style that characterized the 16th century after him. His motets, as do his masses, show an approach to the modern sense of tonality.
What is a cantus firmus quizlet?
Cantus Firmus. an existing melody used as the basis for a polyphonic composition often taken from a gregorian chant. Fixed Melody. Humanism. Renaissance movement based on the revival of ancient Greek and Roman culture and to study this pertaining to human knowlege and experience through independent thought.
Cantus firmus, (Latin: “fixed song”, ) plural Cantus Firmi, preexistent melody, such as a plainchant excerpt, underlying a polyphonic musical composition (one consisting of several independent voices or parts).
One melody, usually a chant, served as a foundation for a second melody to move in a quicker, more florid manner above it. This chant was called the cantus firmus which is Latin for fixed song. The cantus firmus is any preexisting melody that is used as the foundation for a polyphonic composition.
Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)
She's the first identifiable woman composer in the history of Western Music. German Benedictine abbess, Hildegard of Bingen, who spent most of her 80-plus years shut away in an obscure hilltop monastery in Germany's Rhineland.
From its roots in the Notre Dame church and initial innovations made by Guillaume de Machaut in the late Medieval period, the motet was perfected by great Renaissance composers Josquin des Prez and, later, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina.
Organum is an early Medieval form of plainsong, or plainchant (e.g. Gregorian chanting) that has it's origins from 9th Century France. In it's beginnings, organum was sung with at least one voice added to create harmony, usually a perfect fifth or fourth.
- parallel organum. no real second voice exists/parallel motion/two voices usually at a perfect 5th or 4th.
- converging organum. oblique motion/both start on the same note, separate, and then come back together at the end.
- free organum. contrary motion.
- melismatic organum. ...
- organum purum. ...
Organum was a significant development, as it added a second line of melody to the single notes of the Gregorian chant.
The first type of polyphony was Gregorian chant. Polyphonic music required specialized singers as compared to the more simple communal singing of plainchant. The lower voice in organum sings the fixed melody in extremely long notes. Polyphony was universally accepted in medieval religious communities.
Tenor part became a "cantus firmus" that means that the tenor part designates an existing melody, usually plainchant, on which a new polyphonic work is based.
1 : cantus firmus. 2 : the principal melody or voice.
The motet began in the early 13th century as an application of a new text (i.e., “word”) to older music. Specifically, the text was added to the wordless upper-voice parts of descant clausulae.
Motet A motet is a polyphonic work with four or five voice parts singing one religious text. They are similar to madrigals, but with an important difference: motets are religious works, while madrigals are usually love songs. Mass A musical mass is like a motet, only longer.
8. Guillaume de Machaut (1300-1377) De Machaut was one of the central figures of the Ars Nova movement and perhaps the most important composer of the 14th Century.
- Hildegard of Bingen (1098 – 1179)
- Barbara Strozzi (1619-1677)
- Marianna Martines (1744 – 1812)
- Fanny Mendelssohn (1805 – 1847)
- Clara Wieck Schumann (1819-1896)
- Guadalupe Olmedo (1853 – 1889)
- Ethel Smyth (1858-1944)
- Amy Beach (1867-1944)
1. Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179) Not only a composer of some 70 works, Hildegard was a writer, mystic and visionary.
- Guillaume de Machaut (1300 – 1377) ...
- Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) ...
- George Gershwin (1898 – 1937) ...
- Wolfgang Amadé Mozart (1754 – 1792) ...
- Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827) ...
- Richard Wagner (1813-1883) ...
- Mikhail Glinka (1804 – 1857)
In Renaissance music, the cyclic mass was a setting of the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Mass, in which each of the movements – Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei – shared a common musical theme, commonly a cantus firmus, thus making it a unified whole.
Introduction. A cantus firmus is a preexistent melody that forms the basis of a larger musical work. Source melodies in the cantus firmus tradition have generally been selected from the vast corpus of plainchant, but secular tunes also provide a supply of monophony for use.
Polyphony, in music, the simultaneous combination of two or more tones or melodic lines (the term derives from the Greek word for “many sounds”). ... A subcategory of polyphony, called homophony, exists in its purest form when all the voices or parts move together in the same rhythm, as in a texture of block chords.