Where is intercropping used?Asked by: Prof. Elliott Kuphal
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Planting crops in alternate rows or strips greatly simplifies management and captures some of the benefits of intercropping for pest control. It may do little, however, to increase resource capture by the crops, unless alternating strips are close together. Intercropping also poses a special problem for crop rotation.View full answer
Secondly, What countries use intercropping?
Intercropping, the growth of two or more crop species simultaneously (co-growth) in the same field area, has been widely practiced worldwide , . Developing countries such as China, India, Indonesia, Niger, Mali and Ethiopia have shown considerable interest in intercropping to enhance productivity , .
Keeping this in mind, What is the use of intercropping?. Intercropping involves cultivating two or more crops in a field simultaneously. In addition to cash crops, cover crops are also sometimes used in intercropping. This practice has regained attention worldwide, particularly in the tropics due to its beneficial effects on soil fertility and nutrient cycling.
Similarly, What is intercropping give example?
Intercropping is growing two or more crops next to each other at the same time. The main purpose of intercropping is to produce more crops in a given area. ... An example of an intercropping strategy is planting one crop that has deep roots with another that has shallow roots.
Where is intercropping practiced India?
Some of the indigenous intercropping systems practiced by the farmers of Meghalaya are intercropping of maize in potato field (maize is grown at a spacing of about 1m x 0.75m in potato) and Maize + French bean (3a & 3b). Some cucurbits and gourds are grown in between maize and potato fields.
- Intercropping is not always suited to a mechanised farming system.
- Time consuming: It requires more attention and thus increased intensive, expert management.
- There is reduced efficiency in planting, weeding and harvesting which may add to the labour costs of these operations.
Explanation: Wheat is known as the King of cereals.
Intercropping is defined as the agronomic practice of growing two or more crops on the same field at the same time.
verb (used without object), in·ter·cropped, in·ter·crop·ping. to grow one crop between the rows of another, as in an orchard or field. ... to grow a crop between the rows of. noun. a crop plant growing between plants of a different crop.
Intercropping involves a certain arrangement of plants that gives the basis for its classification. Thus, intercropping types fall into the row, strip, relay, temporal, mixed, guard, alley, trap, repellant, and push-pull cropping among others.
Intercropping is a practice involving growing two or more crops simultaneously on a same piece of land. The main advantage of inter cropping is getting higher returns from the same piece of land which otherwise not be utilized by a single crop. ... Inter cropping also helps in providing mutual benefits to the crops.
Intercropping is a potentially effective cultural control strategy for weeds in organic production systems. ... The ability of a multilayer intercropping system to suppress weed growth is typically owed to a reduction in light transmittance due to an increase in canopy density (Baumann et al., 2002).
Intercropping can be defined as a multiple cropping system that two or more crops planted in a field during a growing season. ... Crops yield increases with intercropping due to higher growth rate, reduction of weeds, pests and diseases and more effective use of resources.
Intercropping can benefit the soil in several ways. The additional soil cover provided by the second crop helps reduce erosion. The plants help soak up extra water and nutrients. This additional “pull” of the nutrients can help reduce runoff of the nutrients into adjacent land.
Intercropping is growing two or more crops simultaneously in the same field in a definite pattern which avoids the competition between both the crops. The sowing time of crops in this pattern may be the same or different.
Intercropping is one such practice in which two or more crops are grown at the same time in the same field. ... For example, the alternative rows of maize and pea plants grown in the same field represent intercropping. As mentioned, intercropping includes growing of crops with different nutrient requirements.
Mixed cropping is also known as inter-cropping, polyculture, or co-cultivation. It is a type of agriculture that requires planting two or more plants simultaneously in the same field, interdigitating the plants so that they grow together.
Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.
Advantages of using intercropping are as following: (i) It helps to maintain soil fertility. (ii) It increases productivity per unit area. (iii) It saves labour and time. (iv)Both crops can be easily harvested and processed separately.
After one row of the main crop, three rows of intercrops can be grown. This increases productivity per unit area. The fertility of the soil is maintained. The spread of diseases and pests is controlled.
A “luxury crop” is a crop that is grown to serve some purpose other than sustaining human life. All of these crops are consumed for reasons other than nutrition and so are called “luxury crops.”
Known as the poor man's fruit, jackfruit is now considered as a miracle food of south and south-east Asia as it is likely to save millions of people from starvation when major staple crops like wheat, corn and rice would be under threat from climate change.
The New Zealand grapefruit, otherwise known as the poorman's orange, poor man's orange, or goldfruit is a type of citrus fruit grown in New Zealand.
Pulses are known as the poor man's meat because they are rich in nutrition and low in cost. Therefore, most low income populations can use this nutritious crop as their staple food.